I was recently watching a programme with my husband about sustainability, and I was deeply affected by what I was seeing. We chatted about it and, among other changes, we made the spontaneous decision to dramatically overhaul our diets. We immediately stopped eating meat and chicken, and today I want to talk about how being pescatarian benefits us, specifically choosing to be pescatarian vs vegetarian – does one have greater advantages over the other? 

There were actually several different reasons behind our impromptu choice, but the biggest drive for us is to actively be more ethical.

 

So, is Pescatarianism Ethical?

This is something I’ve struggled with a little bit; I’m writing this post to clarify my values in my own mind – and also so that when I’m accused of being a hypocrite I have somewhere to direct my critics! I know people who have had long-lasting fallings out about the subject, and while I don’t feel a need to justify myself exactly, I do think it’s an interesting subject and a topic we should be discussing.

Pescetarian Benefits - Blueberries

One interesting aspect is how to handle our children’s diets and whether or not they should include meat and poultry by default. 

We’ll guide our children with education, and allow them the freedom to make their own informed choices in life, in issues such as religion and politics. Ditto eating meat – but what should the default be? Should it be the norm in the home as children grow up, or should it only be introduced once they’ve made the conscious decision to include it in their diets? That’s a tough one. 

Dan and I have decided we absolutely won’t stop our children from eating meat, though neither will we be actively purchasing it for at home any longer. Since our girls, for the most part, eat the same foods we do, they’ll be eating far less of it. This brings its own challenges in ensuring they get the nutritional value from other sources. However, when eating with family for example, the girls will eat meat if it’s on offer. Rightly or wrongly, our stance is based on what we consider to be most healthy for them. 

 

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Pescatarian vs Vegetarian vs Vegan

Usually when people choose to be vegetarian it’s usually because they have a fundamental problem with the idea of slaughtering animals for our gain. I understand this – thinking too hard about animal husbandry and welfare conditions is unpleasant to say the least. In many cases intense farming is, frankly, abhorrent and unjustifiable. These practices are what I no longer want any part of.

What's a flexitarian/pescatarian, and could either of them be the right diet for you, in terms of health and #sustainability? #diet #health #flexitarian #pescatarian

For the past year or so I’ve been making a point of buying free range chicken so as not to be supporting the disgusting conditions to which those poor animals are subjected in their short ‘lives’. In the past my priority has been thriftiness, but as I’ve become more financially comfortable, I’ve begun to put other values ahead of saving.

My most recent effort to be more ethical has been to make the switch to becoming pescatarian*.

I’ve discovered that even diehard vegans are not entirely ethical: they create a demand which takes grains away from developing countries which depend upon them for their people. There’s also an argument for the way those grains are harvested and the creatures that have their homes destroyed in the process.

Essentially, unless you’re literally living off your own land, without using machinery or pesticides, then there’s no single diet that’s perfectly ethical.

 

Are Pescatarians Hypocrites?

Of course I’d be naive to think I won’t have people pointing out the fact that my arguments fall down both in terms of ethics and sustainability: if I’m eating fish – on a regular basis no less – then I sound hypocritical.

Well, yes, I can see how it would appear so. I’ve taken the issue quite seriously since changing my diet a few weeks ago and I’ve been doing research to help me clarify how I feel; I’ve reached a point where I’m comfortable with my choices and how I want to live moving forward.

Salad

The bottom line is that I don’t actually have a problem with humans consuming meat – provided it’s prepared ethically. For me, that covers all bases, including sustainability, farming, and humane slaughter. After all, eating meat is a part of life for many other animals, and it’s something humans have been doing for thousands of years.

Ultimately, I’ve decided I can accept it if we treat animals with dignity and respect and don’t cause them unnecessary suffering during their lifetime, and if we’re not causing harm to the planet in our pursuit of meat and animal products.

 

Pescatarian Benefits and Disadvantages

There are reasons for and against such a drastic change to my diet, but do pescatarian benefits outweigh the disadvantages? Removing meat from my diet is a small way to show my support of treating animals humanely. In terms of health, an excess of meat in the diet can be harmful; of course, meat can be beneficial – particularly for women who may experience anaemia (something I struggle with from time to time). Fish, meanwhile, is generally accepted as being nutritious, particularly regular helpings of oily fish.

That said, I’m making efforts to remove unsustainable fish from my diet to maintain my stance across the board and avoid being a hypocrite.

 

*But I’m Not, Actually, a True Pescatarian – I Am, In Fact, Flexitarian

What's a flexitarian and could it be the right diet for you, in terms of health and #sustainability? #diet #health #flexitarian

Have you heard of the term ‘flexitarian’? It’s a new one on me, but it fits mine and Dan’s values perfectly. Because we don’t have a fundamental problem with humans eating meat, we’ve decided that for health reasons, there are rare occasions when we’ll allow ourselves to enjoy it.

This may sound hypocritical but while I’m fully pescatarian at home, I’ll occasionally eat steak in good restaurants that pride themselves on their ethically sourced and prepared meat.

Pescatarian Benefits - Steak

For the majority of the time I now stick to sustainable fish and seafood. I’ll never again buy mass-produced poultry or meat that’s been farmed in a way that I find repulsive, either from the supermarket or in a restaurant. I look for ethically produced dairy products because that industry bothers me too. If I’m eating with family or friends I’ll request a pescatarian or vegetarian option. 

And rarely, in circumstances where my conscious allows, I’ll order an excellent quality steak, and thoroughly enjoy it.

An award-nominated blogger and author, Kate is an experienced breastfeeding advocate, and expert baby sleep chaser. Her writing has appeared on Mothercare, Huff Post, and BritMums.

4 Comments

  1. Ah what an amazing thing to do for the welfare of the planet. I’ve thought about this a lot too. I was only checking out the chicken in the supermarket recently and was really saddened how much the price varies between chickens that have clearly had a decent life and those that have. It’s not very encouraging or achievable for the majority to buy free range and this is something companies and govenrments need to change. I honestly think we should all make as many changes as we can but ultimately I think as a species we are sadly too out of control now.

    Keep doing you.

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